The Department of Horticulture started in the year 1965, Dr M.H Marigowda is the father of Horticulture. And August 8 th is celebrated as Horticulture day.
Karnataka is the first state in the entire country to have a separate Horticulture Department, and many other states, at later years, followed the example of Karnataka. Because of this, the state could achieve remarkable progress in many fronts of Horticulture, whether Fruits or Vegetables or Flowers or Plantation crops.
History of Modern Horticulture in Karnataka
1937 - Establishment of Fruit Research Centre at Hessaraghatta, Bangalore by the the Imperial Council of Agriculture Research
1942 - First Horticulture Farm Established at Maddur, Mandya District
1947 - Citrus Experiment Station was established at Chettalli, Kodagu district.(which later became Central Horticultural Experimental Station (CHES) and brought under the control of IIHR in 1972)
1955 - Large Scale production of quality coconut seedlings started in the farms of Department of Horticulture
1958 - Gardeners Training Centre, to train the Rural Youths started at Lalbagh, Bangalore.
1959 - Establishment HOPCOMS, Bangalore
1963 - Separate Department of Horticulture established in Karnataka State.Dr. M.H.Marigowda became the Director. Golden days of Horticulture commenced.
1964 - Advent of cultivation of White Grapes in Karnataka
1964 - Nurserymen Co-op. Society (NCS) started at Lalbagh, Bangalore
1965 - Indo American Hybrid Seed Company founded at Bangalore by Dr.Manmohan Attavar.Era of F-1 Hybrid seeds started.
1967 - Introduction of Cocoa in DakshinaKannada District for commercial cultivation.Establishment of Indian Institute of Horticulture Research (IIHR) at Bangalore.
1972 - Exclusive B.Sc (Hort.) Degree Course started at UAS, GKVK, Bangalore.Release of First Indian F-1 Hybrid Tamato – Karnataka and F-1 Hybrid Capsicum – Bharath, by Indo American Hybrid Seeds Company, Bangalore.Introduction of Hybrid Mango.
1975 - Mallika and Amrapali in Karnataka
1980 - Introduction of Ganesh variety of Pomegranate in Bijapur and other areas.
1984 - Large scale adoption of Soft Wood Grafting technique in Mango and Cashew.
1987 - Adoption of Watershed approach for Horticulture Development
1990 - Introduction of T.C. Banana Plants for commercial cultivation
1992 - Introduction of F-1 Hybrid Water Melons for commercial cultivation.On set of Drip Irrigation Scheme.
1993 - Emergence of Hi-Tech Floriculture for Green House Roses in Karnataka
1994 - Introduction Carnations and Gerbera under protected cultivation. Contract cultivation of Gherkins started for export.
1995 - Introduction of Sharad Seedless grapes.Introduction of Taiwan Papayas for commercial cultivation
1996 - Karnataka State Agricultural Produce Processing & Export Corporation Limited (KAPPEC) started at Bangalore
1996-98 - Golden Period of Hi-Tech Floriculture in Karnataka – 33 Export Oriented Units in operation (rose units).
1997 - Commencement of commercial Anthurium cultivation under cover in Coorg area.
1999 - Set back to Hi-Tech Floriculture Industry in the State.
2000 - Spurt in Vanilla Cultivation.Introduction of Baghwa Pomegranate
2001 - Inauguration of Bio-Centre at Hulimavu, Bangalore.First Commercial Public Sector T.C. unit started functioning.
2001-03 2001-2003 Unprecedented Drought in Karnataka – large scale destruction of horticulture crops
2002 - Commencement of Protected Cultivation of Vegetables
2003 - Export of Grapes and Pomegranate started
2004 - Operationalisation Safal Fruit and Vegetable Market at Whitefield, Bangalore.
2005-06 - Commencement of NHM scheme – Large scale support to the growth of Horticulture
2008 - Founding of University of Horticultural Sciences (UHS), at Bagalkot.Adoption of Wine Policy for Karnataka and registration of Wine Board.
2008-10 - 6 New Horticulture Colleges started.
2009 - Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) project commenced.Large scale infrastructures sanctioned.
2010-11 - Registration of Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Limited.
2011-12 - Prestigious “Suvarna Bhoomi” scheme commenced.
2012-13 - Comprehensive Horticulture Development scheme commenced.
The Horticulture sector is one of the most dynamic segments of Indian Agriculture which helps in improving productivity of land & economic conditions of farmers & entrepreneurs, generating employment, enhancing exports & foreign exchange earnings & above all providing nutritional security to the people.
Horticulture is a significant and upcoming sector in Dharwad. Horticulture has proved to be the best diversification option for agricultural land use, because of assured and the remunerative returns to the farmers
Total geographical area of the Dharwad district is 4,27,329 ha. The prominent Horticulture crops grown in this districts are fruit crops like, Mango, Sapota, Banana, Gauva and Papaya, flower crops like, Rose, Gaillardia, Jasmine, Marigold, vegetables like, Brinjal, Chilli, Bhendi, Tomato, onion etc.
Alphanso variety of Mango is widely grown in Dharwad, Hubli and Kalaghatagi taluks. Apart from this chilli crop is extensively grown in Kundagol, Hubli and Navalagund taluks. The local variety of chilli namely Dyavanur Dabba, Byadagi kaddi and Byadagi dabba are having Superior characters like color and aroma. These varieties are in demand in market because of high content of Oleoresin and of superior qualities. They are being grown as traditional crops since many years. In the same way local red onion is also extensively grown in Dharwad district.
Zilla Panchayath Schemes:
An exhibition cum trade fair on Chilli and Mango will be organized by Department of Horticulture, Dharwad District, every year.