The Department of Horticulture started in the year 1965, Dr M.H Marigowda is the father of Horticulture. And August 8 th is celebrated as Horticulture day.

Karnataka is the first state in the entire country to have a separate Horticulture Department, and many other states, at later years, followed the example of Karnataka. Because of this, the state could achieve remarkable progress in many fronts of Horticulture, whether Fruits or Vegetables or Flowers or Plantation crops.

Horticulture Horticulture

    History of Modern Horticulture in Karnataka

    1937 - Establishment of Fruit Research Centre at Hessaraghatta, Bangalore by the the Imperial Council of Agriculture Research

    1942 - First Horticulture Farm Established at Maddur, Mandya District

    1947 - Citrus Experiment Station was established at Chettalli, Kodagu district.(which later became Central Horticultural Experimental Station (CHES) and brought under the control of IIHR in 1972)

    1955 - Large Scale production of quality coconut seedlings started in the farms of Department of Horticulture

    1958 - Gardeners Training Centre, to train the Rural Youths started at Lalbagh, Bangalore.

    1959 - Establishment HOPCOMS, Bangalore

    1963 - Separate Department of Horticulture established in Karnataka State.Dr. M.H.Marigowda became the Director. Golden days of Horticulture commenced.

    1964 - Advent of cultivation of White Grapes in Karnataka

    1964 - Nurserymen Co-op. Society (NCS) started at Lalbagh, Bangalore

    1965 - Indo American Hybrid Seed Company founded at Bangalore by Dr.Manmohan Attavar.Era of F-1 Hybrid seeds started.

    1967 - Introduction of Cocoa in DakshinaKannada District for commercial cultivation.Establishment of Indian Institute of Horticulture Research (IIHR) at Bangalore.

    1972 - Exclusive B.Sc (Hort.) Degree Course started at UAS, GKVK, Bangalore.Release of First Indian F-1 Hybrid Tamato – Karnataka and F-1 Hybrid Capsicum – Bharath, by Indo American Hybrid Seeds Company, Bangalore.Introduction of Hybrid Mango.

    1975 - Mallika and Amrapali in Karnataka

    1980 - Introduction of Ganesh variety of Pomegranate in Bijapur and other areas.

    1984 - Large scale adoption of Soft Wood Grafting technique in Mango and Cashew.

    1987 - Adoption of Watershed approach for Horticulture Development

    1990 - Introduction of T.C. Banana Plants for commercial cultivation

    1992 - Introduction of F-1 Hybrid Water Melons for commercial cultivation.On set of Drip Irrigation Scheme.

    1993 - Emergence of Hi-Tech Floriculture for Green House Roses in Karnataka

    1994 - Introduction Carnations and Gerbera under protected cultivation. Contract cultivation of Gherkins started for export.

    1995 - Introduction of Sharad Seedless grapes.Introduction of Taiwan Papayas for commercial cultivation

    1996 - Karnataka State Agricultural Produce Processing & Export Corporation Limited (KAPPEC) started at Bangalore

    1996-98 - Golden Period of Hi-Tech Floriculture in Karnataka – 33 Export Oriented Units in operation (rose units).

    1997 - Commencement of commercial Anthurium cultivation under cover in Coorg area.

    1999 - Set back to Hi-Tech Floriculture Industry in the State.

    2000 - Spurt in Vanilla Cultivation.Introduction of Baghwa Pomegranate

    2001 - Inauguration of Bio-Centre at Hulimavu, Bangalore.First Commercial Public Sector T.C. unit started functioning.

    2001-03 2001-2003 Unprecedented Drought in Karnataka – large scale destruction of horticulture crops

    2002 - Commencement of Protected Cultivation of Vegetables

    2003 - Export of Grapes and Pomegranate started

    2004 - Operationalisation Safal Fruit and Vegetable Market at Whitefield, Bangalore.

    2005-06 - Commencement of NHM scheme – Large scale support to the growth of Horticulture

    2008 - Founding of University of Horticultural Sciences (UHS), at Bagalkot.Adoption of Wine Policy for Karnataka and registration of Wine Board.

    2008-10 - 6 New Horticulture Colleges started.

    2009 - Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) project commenced.Large scale infrastructures sanctioned.

    2010-11 - Registration of Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation Limited.

    2011-12 - Prestigious “Suvarna Bhoomi” scheme commenced.

    2012-13 - Comprehensive Horticulture Development scheme commenced.

    The Horticulture sector is one of the most dynamic segments of Indian Agriculture which helps in improving productivity of land & economic conditions of farmers & entrepreneurs, generating employment, enhancing exports & foreign exchange earnings & above all providing nutritional security to the people.

    Horticulture is a significant and upcoming sector in Dharwad. Horticulture has proved to be the best diversification option for agricultural land use, because of assured and the remunerative returns to the farmers

    Total geographical area of the Dharwad district is 4,27,329 ha. The prominent Horticulture crops grown in this districts are fruit crops like, Mango, Sapota, Banana, Gauva and Papaya, flower crops like, Rose, Gaillardia, Jasmine, Marigold, vegetables like, Brinjal, Chilli, Bhendi, Tomato, onion etc.

    Alphanso variety of Mango is widely grown in Dharwad, Hubli and Kalaghatagi taluks. Apart from this chilli crop is extensively grown in Kundagol, Hubli and Navalagund taluks. The local variety of chilli namely Dyavanur Dabba, Byadagi kaddi and Byadagi dabba are having Superior characters like color and aroma. These varieties are in demand in market because of high content of Oleoresin and of superior qualities. They are being grown as traditional crops since many years. In the same way local red onion is also extensively grown in Dharwad district.

  • Organization Structure

  • organization

    Schemes:

    • Zilla Panchayath Schemes:

      1. D-01 Drip Irrigation: Under this scheme subsidy will be given drip system adopted to Horticulture Crops. 80% subsidy up to 2 ha & 50 % subsidy up to 3 ha.limited to 5 ha .
      2. D-02 Horticulture Buildings:Under this scheme Construction & Repair of horticulture buildings will be taken up
      3. D-03 Horticulture Farms:Under this scheme maintenance of departmental horticulture farms will be taken up
      4. D-04 Propagation of Horticulture Crops :Under this scheme production & supply of quality coconut seedlings to the farmers will be taken up
      5. D-05 Publicity and literature:Under this scheme Transfer of technology & scheme details to the farmers by means of supply of leaf let , brochures , folders , exhibition will be taken up and conduction of field days .
      6. D-06 Cold Storage :Under this scheme Subsidy will be given @ Rs. 1 /Unit of Electricity Consumed in the cold storage .
      7. D-07 Apiculture:Under this scheme Training Regarding rearing of honeybees, Distribution of honeybee boxes & Bee colonies will be taken up.
    • Taluk Panchayath Schemes:

      1. D-08 Assistance to farmers:Under this scheme Good varieties/ Hybrids of Horticulture fruits plants will be supplied to farmers. Extension of Area under Horticulture Crops, maintenance of garden and parks will be taken up.
      2. D-09Training to farmers:Under this scheme Training to farmers on the new horticulture Technologies will be taken up.
      3. Special component programme.Under this scheme Distribution of Seeds, Sprinkler sets, Financial Assistance for maintenance of Coconut Garden will be taken up.
    • STATE AND CENTRAL SCHEMES

      1. Drip Irrigation: Under this scheme subsidy wiil be given drip system adopted to Horticulture Crops. 80% subsidy up to 2 ha & 50 % subsidy up to 3 ha limited to 5 ha .
      2. Horticulture Extension : Under this scheme Through horti -clinic Transfer of technologies to farmers & helping in preparation of horticulture scheme projects will be done.
      3. Comprehensive horticulture development:
        • subsidy will be given for Area expansion of horticulture crops, vermi compost units , bio digester farm pond &Drip Irrigation.
        • Special package for potato : supply of Plant protection chemicals, organic manures to farmers and Crop insurance will be done.
      4. Integrated pest & Diesis management of horticulture Crops: Under this scheme Supply of Pest & Disease controlling chemicals to farmers.
      5. Coconut cultivation: Under this scheme department will Supply of coconut Pest & Disease controlling chemicals.
      6. Suvarna Bhoomi Yojana : Under this scheme Rs. 5000/- per acre of Land will be given ,max limit is 2 acre i e .Rs.10000/-
      7. RKVY
        • Precision farming in banana :Under this scheme Subsidy given to Area expansion of banana
        • Precision farming in Vegetable : Under this scheme Subsidy given to Area expansion of Vegetable
        • Mechanization in horticulture : Under this scheme Subsidy given to purchase of horticulture machines & implements.
        • Urban Horticulture : Under this scheme Subsidy given to different components of the horticulture .
        • Supply of onion & chilli seeds : Under this scheme improved Varieties of seeds will be distributed to farmers.
      8. National Horticulture Mission : Under this scheme Subsidy given to to Area Expansion of the horticulture crops ( Fruits, flowers & Plantation crops), Nursery , seed production , ripening chambers , Rejuvenation , vermi compost , bio digester, poly house , pack house , processing industries , Tractor power machines , mulching , INM, IPM , HRD , tissue culture labs , bio control labs etc. National Horticulture Mission subsidy details.
PLANTATION INFRASTRUCTURE & DEVELOPMENT
Production of Planting Material
Public sector
i) Model Nursery (4ha) (Rs.25.00)
ii) Small Nursery (1ha) (Rs.6.25)
Private Sector
i) Model Nursery (4ha) (Rs.12.50)
ii) Small Nursery (1ha) (Rs.3.125)
Setting up of new TC Units
i) Public Sector (Rs.100.00)
ii) Private Sector ( Rs. 50.00)
Seed Production
i) Public Sector (Rs.0.50/ha)
ii) Private Sector (Rs.0.25/ha)
Import of planting material for trial & demonstration purpose
i) Public Sector (State Dept.) (Rs.10.00)
ii) Private Sector (Grower Section) (Rs.5.00)
Seed infrastructure
i) Public Sector (Rs.200.00)
ii) Private Sector (Rs.100.00)
Establishment of new gardens (Area expansion)
Fruits Perennials - New Area Expansion

AIMS AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT.

AIMS:

  1. Area expansion: In Central and state sector schemes the thrust Area of the department is to increase the area under horticulture crops which are perennial in nature, and which yield constant returns to the farmer under vagaries of nature like drought.
  2. Increasing the area under micro irrigation: Drip and sprinkler method of irrigation will provide assured water to the plants even under low water yield conditions by that way it will increase area under irrigation and also productivity will increase. Also Construction of community tanks, so one can regulate the water need of 97% of the dry land.
  3. Importance to processing and forward linkage: Most of the horticulture crops are perishable in nature so in order to avoid distress sell by farmers it is advised to go for processing and value addition. in various state and central schemes nearly 40% assistance is available for processing and forward linkage
  4. Increasing the area under protective cultivation:Growing crops under Protective cultivation will fetch higher returns to the farmers the crops Suited are Gerbera, Carnation, Rose, Bell pepper, Tomato can be grown.

ACHIEVEMENTS/SUCCESS STORIES:

  • Dharwad Taluk:
  • Shri. Tippanna Sattur and Channbasayya Hiremath of Halligeri village of Dharwad Taluk are known organic farmers. They are practicing palekar`s method of organic farming since 2 years. They constructed indigested tank by taking assistance under NHM, along with an indigested they also constructed jeevambruta tank. Both jeevsara and jeevambruta produced will be mixed with bore well water and fertigate the field. By using this method they are growing leafy vegetables, brinjal, and banana and prevailed to be called as organic farmer.

  • Hubli Taluk:
  • Shri. Somashekharayya Hiremath of kurdikeri village is a progressive Organic farmer , has started Organic farming in mango, sapota, jasmine and other vegetables in his 4 ha. Farm. He constructed varmi compost unit, farm pond of size 10x10x3 mts. And he had taken assistance under NHM AEP for mango and sapota. He is very happy and showing his whole hearted gratitude towards NHM programme.

  • Navalgund Taluk:
  • Shri. Majunath Bheranayka of Kittur village is successfully growing onion and chilli since many years. Recently he had taken up 60 m X45 m X4.5 m. size farm pond under creation of water recourses under NHM programmed. He is ambitious of growing banana sapota, mango, curry leaf, ashwagandha by using this collected water. Not only that he is planning to take up fishery and poultry until by this he is creating working opportunity for the needy agriculture labourers. He has high hopes that the mother earth will support him if he works hard and faith in him self.

  • Kundgol Taluk
  • Shri Panchaksharayya.C. Charantimath of Ingalagi Village Kundagol Taluk had taken vermi compost production under NHM in the year 2007-08. He has already Produced 240 bags of varmi compost, most of the produced compost was utilized for his field and rest of it is under sale at the rate of Rs. 3 per kg.

Mango and Chilli Exhibition cum trade fair.

An exhibition cum trade fair on Chilli and Mango will be organized by Department of Horticulture, Dharwad District, every year.

Details of Important Horticulture Crops Area Existing In the District

  • Area of Chilli Crop - Kundagol, Navalgund & Hubli Taluk
  • chilli
  • Area of Sapota Crop - Dharwad, Hubli & Kalghatagi Taluk
  • sapota
  • Area of Onion Crop -Dharwad, Hubli & Kalghatagi Taluk
  • onion
  • Area of Mango Crop -Dharwad, Hubli & Kalghatagi Taluk
  • mango

Websites:

http://www.horticulture.kar.nic.in

http://hortnet.gov.in

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