Department of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H) was created in 1980’s and re-named as Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) in November, 2003 with a view to provide Healthcare, Education and Research in Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy Systems. The Department continued to lay emphasis on improving health care facilities, upgrading AYUSH Educational standards and also creating awareness about AYUSH. Govt of Karnataka has taken initiative in mainstreaming of AYUSH in National Health Care under NRHM in right earnest.
The AYUSH systems are time-tested methods to tackle life style disorders which are becoming a major threat to health in present era. These systems play major role not only in preventing the diseases but in curative aspect too. AYUSH system give a holistic approach to health systems there by boosting the whole health system in the society. Hence it is necessary to Popularize, Review, Revitalize, the AYUSH system by giving proper infrastructure, Human Resource, training, etc. AYUSH systems of Medicines are well accepted by community, particularly in rural areas because these are socially acceptable, comparatively safe and efficacious and easily available which can be prepared locally from the available resources. By this it is possible to make these systems accessible to the people in general and patients in particular.
In Dharwad district, Hubli city Department of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H) has established 25 bedded hospital from 21-05-1981. Later it has been shifted to Dharwad city in April 2006. This hospital provides free ayurvedic treatment along with ayurvedic medicine for both outpatient & inpatient, also provides free food for inpatients.
In Dharwad District 16 Ayush units working in rural area to provide free treatment & medicine to public. Karnataka Govt. Started one fully fledged Super specialty Panchakarma unit & Ayush wing At Civil Hospital Dharwad from 2007 to provide treatment & Panchakarma facilities to public.
Today health has become a major concern. All over the world everyone, rich or poor, literate or Illiterate suffering from some kind of illness which may be physical, mental, social & spiritual origin, this problems are increasing day by day. Moreover the holistic approach of treatment gained importance as the medical community could feel the interrelation between body & mind involvement in the causation & management of several disorders. In this situation Indian system of medicine (AYUSH) has potential to fight against such conditions. Its strength lies in evident effectiveness as it takes a holistic approach towards in patient through promotion of inner balance of mental, emotional, spiritual & physical levels.
Health does not mean only the absence of disease but it means coordinating functions of body mind & spirit. Ayurveda in particularly describes health & wellbeing on following parameters like natural wise & colour, adequate body tissue growth proper consumption & digestion, proper sleep, freshness after wakeup in morning, proper expulsion of urine & faeces. This parameters can be achieved by adopting the strategy of health promotions, disease prevention & rehabilitation. Indian System of Medicine offers wide range of promotive, preventive & curative treatments both cost effective & efficacy.
Major health conducts includes specific daily regimen seasonal regimen & ethical considerations. A unique feature of ayurveda is on promotion of positive health to attain positive physical, mental & social health.
Yoga system practice has a great heritage & long history in India. It takes care of human personality through physical, mental, social, spiritual & emotional levels. It aims to develop perfect balance between body & mind to attain liberation. It’s no way related to age, sex, religion, race, cast or creed but to seek education on better living & meaning full life it is very effective to prevent & promote health through drugless therapy.
In recent times there is a growing awareness regarding Yoga among peoples. Physicians or physical therapist wish to prescribe relaxing & effective methods of exercise often attracted to simplicity & calming effects through yoga practice.
Unani system of medicines recognize the influence of surrounding & ecological conditions of human being. For prevention of disease & promotion of health Unani system emphasizes on six essential aspects which are (1) Pure air (2) Food & Water (3) Physical movement & rest (4) Mental (Psychic) movement & rest (5) Sleep & Wakefulness (6) Retention of useful materials & expulsion of waste material from the body. Unani plays vital role in prevention of diseases & promotion of good health.
The Siddha have developed a discipline called Kaya Kalpa designed for longevity with complete freedom from illness.
Siddha Vaidya medicine defines health as a complete presence of physical, mental emotional, spiritual and social balance. Daily regimes and diet that is appropriate for the individual are the starting point for the indigenous way of health and life for the people of south India. The basic theories of Siddha Vaidya advises each individual on the correct way of living, eating, meditating, exercising and use of massage for their own well being. Looking at the individual as a whole of a larger picture includes social and familial health as well.
Siddha Vaidya recognizes eight branches of medicine, the same as western medicine except Geriatrics, the study of diseases of the aged. Instead Rasayana or rejuvenation therapy is given. The aim of their therapy is to maintain the youth of the individual along with long life. This is attainable through cleanses of the body with Abhyanga (Massage) & Svedana (Steam, warm compress) & (Pancha Karma) done seasonally followed with rejuvenation treatments (Kriya Kalpa) which activate the body’s ability to rebuild and renew itself.
Homeopathy achieved its greatest popularity in the 19th century. Dr. John Franklin Gray (1804–1882) was the first practitioner of homeopathy in the United States, beginning in 1828 in New York City. The first homeopathic schools opened in 1830, and throughout the 19th century dozens of homeopathic institutions appeared in Europe and the United States. By 1900, there were 22 homeopathic colleges and 15,000 practitioners in the United States. Because medical practice of the time relied on ineffective and often dangerous treatments, patients of homeopaths often had better outcomes than those of the doctors of the time. Homeopathic remedies, even if ineffective, would almost surely cause no harm, making the users of homeopathic remedies less likely to be killed by the treatment that was supposed to be helping them. The relative success of homeopathy in the 19th century may have led to the abandonment of the ineffective and harmful treatments of bloodletting and purging and to have begun the move towards more effective, science-based medicine. One reason for the growing popularity of homeopathy was its apparent success in treating people suffering from infectious disease epidemics.
Ayurveda propounds the theory of samshodhana i.e., bio-purification & elaborately describes the panchakarma therapy i.e., the fivefold therapy in order to tackle issue of impurity & incompetence of srotamsi. If these channels are purified periodically by appropriate procedures at time to time, one can prevent many disease. There are five major therapeutic procedures
(1) Sushruta Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya Karma, Raktamokshana.
(2) Charaka Vamana, Virechana, Nasya Karma, Asthapana Basti, Anuvasan Basti.
Panchakarma Therapy is not only used for curing the disease but also for prevention of disease using proper procedure according to season like Vasanta, Sharada & Pravrut.
Sakala was been introduced in March-2011. Under Sakala, Ayush Department will issue medical certificate within 3 days to common public. After specified time District Ayush Officer Dharwad will be the Designated Officer after which C.E.O. ZP Dharwad will be the Competent Authority.
Dr. Mallanna. D. Totad (MD.Ayu)
District Ayush Officer, Near Civil Hospital,
Fort Road, Dharwad-580008.
Office Number: 0836-2434479 / 2446684
Mobile Number: 9449847833
Email Id: email@example.com