The mechanization of agriculture in the areas has not yet established its superiority over the traditional agricultural practices, mainly due to the fragmentation of land. As such, the agri-culture is still under the influence of traditional practices. The vital role played by the livestock in the all-round development of agriculture economy of the rural India, in general and the livestock. The particular need not be over emphasized: since agriculture in the rural parts of the State is mainly dependent on the livestock. The benefit of the improved animal husbandry and agriculture activities and the results of such improved activities with the help of the livestock are reaching more than 70 (seventy) per cent of the total population of the State, which dwells in rural areas. This bigger sector of the rural population is mainly dependent upon agriculture and animal husbandry for livelihood. Keeping in view the importance of livestock in the overall development of the rural economy, it has been the primary duty of the State Government to provide health care to the State’s livestock population and this entire responsibility has become a part and parcel of the State Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services. This Department is successful in discharging its duties and functions with its network of various categories of Veterinary institutions in the State. The Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services got bifurcated from the Department of Agriculture as early as in the year 1945 and has made a phenomenal progress in its developmental programmes, which has helped it to attain the position of major technical depart-ment in the administrative set up of the Government of Karnataka. The Department has mainly activities such as the Development of Cattle, Buffalo, Piggery, Poultry, Sheep and Goats, besides Fodder resources, Extension and training, Implementation of Socio-Economic programmes,

In the initial stages, the activity of the department was limited only to provide health care to the domestic animals. The department is now in a position to provide the farmers with the latest technology in respect of Dairying, Livestock Breeding and Poultry Develop-ment for achieving the ultimate target of augmenting the products such as milk, meat, wool and eggs.

ADMINISRTATION

  • District level
  • Taluk level
  • Hobli level
  • Rural level
    • District Level Administration

    • The District Level administration of the Department is under control of Zilla Panchayaths,. Each District Officer of this Department is headed by a Deputy Director, who is responsible for both technical and administrative matters.

    • Taluk Level Administration

    • Each Taluk Office of the Department is headed by an Assistant Director who looks after both technical and administrative matters.

    • Hobli Level Administration:

    • Each Hobli level Officer of the Department is headed by Veterinary Officer who looks after both technical and administrative

    • Rural Level Administration:

    • Each Rural level staff of the Department is headed by Veterinary livestock inspector who looks after Health coverage, Vaccinatiion Artificial inseminations and other Departmental programs

    DISTRICT LEVEL ADMINISTRATION

    district
    taluk
    Hobli
    Hobli
    Rural

    STAFF POSSION OF THE DEPARTMENT AS ON 10.12.2012

    Sl.no.
    Group
    Designation
    Posts Sectioned
    Posts Filled
    Vacant
    1
    A
    Deputy Directors
    1
    1
    --
    2
    A
    Assistant Director
    11
    09
    2
    3
    B
    Headquarters Assistant
    1
    1
    -
    4
    B
    Veterinary Officers
    57
    34
    24
    5
    C
    Live stock officer
    08
    06
    02
    6
    C
    Senior Veterinary Inspectors
    42
    42
    --
    7
    C
    Veterinary Inspectors
    58
    46
    12
    8
    C
    Veterinary Assistants
    32
    12
    20
    9
    C
    First Division Asst.s
    7
    7
    --
    10
    C
    Second Division Asst.s
    5
    5
    --
    11
    C
    Senior Typists
    1
    1
    --
    12
    Typists
    1
    1
    --
    13
    C
    Stenographers
    1
    1
    --
    14
    C
    X-Ray Technician
    1
    0
    1
    15
    C
    Drivers
    9
    6
    3
    16
    D
    X-Ray Assistant
    1
    0
    1
    17
    D
    Jamadars
    1
    0
    1
    18
    D
    D Group
    174
    133
    41
    Total
    411
    305
    106

    VETERINARY INSTITUTIONS:

    As per the recommendations of the National Commission on Agriculture, and Polilcy of the Union Government there should be at least one Veterinary Institutions for every 5,000 Cattle Units for a group of 10-12 Villages.

    In order to provide uniform facilities in a all the Veterinary Institutions, different types of Veterinary Institutions were reduced to there tire system viz..

    • Veterinary Hospitals
    • Veterinary Dispensaries
    • Primary Veterinary Centers
    • Artificial Insemination centers

    From 01-04-1987, most of the Institutions functioning in the District have been handed over to the administrative control of the Zilla Panchayaths under Zilla Panchayaths act. Zilla Panchayaths are empowered open veterinary Institutions. However, the existing Veterinary Institutions are well equipped and managed by good technical personnel. The Mobile Veterinary Clinics functioning in the State are rendering veterinary Services to the farmers residing in the remote and far off villages which are not covered by any of the Veterinary institutions.

    In the district 112 different kinds of Veterinary Institutions are functioning in the district :8 -Veterinary Hospital, 45- veterinary Dispensary, 15 -Primary Veterinary Centers, 45- Artificial Insemination Centers, 04 - Mobile Veterinary Clinic one Rabies control Unit One TB And Brucella control unit.

    MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT

    1. Animal health & Veterinary Services
    2. Cattle development
    3. Dairy development
    4. Poultry development
    5. Piggery development
    6. Sheep and Wool development
    7. Rabbit development
    8. Meet & Poultry Marketing
    9. Fodder development
    10. Socio – Economic Programmes
    11. Conducting Integrated Sample Survey
    12. Conducting Livestock Census
    13. Extension & Training Programmes

    Animal health & Veterinary Services

    1. Veterinary Services
    2. It has been obligatory on the part of the department to protect the livestock in the district against contagious diseases, by organizing preventive measures on a regular basis. Necessary measures are also being taken up to control the outbreak of diseases and minimize losses caused to the farmers due to outbreaks of contagious and non-contagious diseases including zoontic diseases from time to time. This is achieved through a network of 112 Veterinary Institutions spread over the district. The mobile veterinary clinics render the Veterinary services to the farmers at their doorsteps who are dwelling in the remote and far-flung villages of the district.

    3. CATTLE DEVELOPMENT
    4. This is the most important activity of the department and is achieved through artificial insemination technique. At present cattle development is carried out through artificial insemi-nation technique by using frozen semen technology in all the centers. There is one Frozen Semen Production Centres under the control of the Department at Dharwad .More than half of the rural population in the Country is depending upon the livestock activities fully or partly for the their day-to-day maintenances. Livestock rearing services multiple functions apart from generating productive employment in rural areas. Weaker sections of rural population have a preference to supplement their income through livestock rearing activities.

      District is blessed with livestock resources of considerable genetic diversity within species with traits of adoptability to withstand harsh environmental situation. The District Livestock population is 2.19 lakhs of Cattle, 1.01 lakhs of buffaloes, 0.51 lakhs of Sheep, 0.72 lakhs of Goats, and 4.5 lakhs of Poultry as per the latest Census report of 2007

    5. POULTRY DEVELOPMENT
    6. Poultry Development Activities include the following:

      • Breeding and rearing of GIRIRAJA parent stock of birds under the scientific breeding system, franchising with the Karnataka Veterinary and Fisheries Sciences University, Veterinary College, Bangalore.
      • Production and supply of day old GIRIRAJA chicks to the farmers and departmental rearing centers.
      • Rearing and supply of GIRIRAJA birds and 8 weeks to the beneficiaries under various socio-economic schemes.
      • Imparting training in respect of Modern Poultry Farming in both layers and broilers and preparations of project reports.

    Plan Programmes

    Zilla Pancyath Sector

    • Building:
    • District has 104 various type veterinary Institution spread all over the district the zilla panchyath under head of Account 2403-00-101-0-28 ear marking money as per the link document to take up maintenance of the buildings

    • Supply of Medicines
    • zilla panchyath under head of Account 2403-00-101-0-27 ear marking money as per the link document to supply medicines chemicals hospital necessaries for treatment of livestock’s and also procurement of liquid nitrogen for artificial insemination progrmme

    • Strengthening of extension activities:
    • zilla panchyath under head of Account 2403-00-101-0-28 ear marking money as per the link document to involve department in extension activities such as Animal Health camps conducting Grama sandarshan. Kissan samparks sabhas

      State sector

    • Special development plan
    • Department is ear marking budget to take up fodder development activities like supply of supply of perennial grass root slips and inputs to farmers of Kundagol,Kalagataghi And Navalgund talukh

    • Cattle and calf rallies:
    • Department is ear marking budget to host cattle shows and calf rallies to initiate the farmers to take up raring of cross breed cows

    • Calf raring :
    • In this mechanized world agricultural operation still cattle has an important role to initiate farmers to rare local bulls which are ideally suited for agricultural operation department is taking up calf raring scheme in which the farmers havig good local breed bull calf mainly Khilar have been identified and said calves have been insured and quality feed is given to the farmers once the calf attains the age of puberty those calves will be selected and used for collection of semen the unit cost is Rs.8000.00 out of which Rs.4000.00 will be shared by the department

    Programmes under RKVY

  • Supply of chaff cutters:
  • The importance of growing fodder and conserving the fodder is very important as the district is prone of scarcity more of the fodder is wasted by the farmer by feeding the livestock on traditional method to conserve the fodder by feeding the livestock with chaffed fodder, Under the rastriya krushi vikas yojane farmers have distributed the various capacity chaff cutters

  • Mini dairies:
  • The district has huge urban population the demand for milk in the district is very high to initiate the farmers to take up scientific daring by introducing mini dairies under the rastriya krushi vikas yojane farmers have been assisted with the subsidy to take up mini dairies of 10 animals.

    Programmes of Karnataka co operative poultry federations:

  • Raring of layer birds
  • The district has huge demand for meat and egg the department under KCPF programs the farmers have been given subsidy to take up layer unit of 1000 birds with unit cost of 6.42 lacks and subsidy of 25% for general and 33 % for SC/ST beneficiaries

  • Raring of Broiler Birds
  • department under KCPF programs the farmers have been given subsidy to take up broiler unit of 1000 broilers with unit cost of 1.609 lacks and subsidy of 25% for general and 33 % for SC/ST beneficiaries

  • Marketing center ;
  • To give clean and scientifically slaughtered chicken meat department under KCPF programs the farmers have been given subsidy to take up model chicken outlets with unit cost of 2.00 lacks and subsidy of 25% for general and 33 % for SC/ST beneficiaries

    Programmes of Karnataka sheep and wool Development Corporation:

    The district has around 0.57 sheep population and 0.72 goat populations mainly in Navalgund and Kundgol talukhs of district.There is good demand of mutton various programmes have been introduced by the corporation to take sheep raring in the district

  • Special component
  • under this programme sheep raring SC/ST farmers who are registered under sheep raring societies have been provided with the subsidy of 60 % to take up sheep unit of (10+1) having unit cost of 26500.00

  • Beda palk vima yojana:
  • under this scheme shepherds of 18-59 years of age belonging to BPL have been insured with GIC with the beneficiary share of 20 Rs and 80 Rs of corporation share in case of any eventualities the shepherd will get Rs.60000 Two Childs of the shepherd who will be studying in 9 to 12 will get Rs.1200.00 scholarship

    Central Sponsored schemes

  • ASCAD
  • Assistant to state for control of animal disease :Under this schemes contagious Viral disease such as Foot and mouth disease in cattle and Bacterial disease such as Entero toxemia in sheep and goat Hemorrhagic septicemia in cattle are controlled by periodical vaccination the vaccine cost and the vaccination cost is met out by the budget provided under this scheme

  • PPR Control progrmme
  • Pestis dis petites ruminant is Viral disease in sheep and goat Under this programme the whole sheep and goat population is vaccinated against this disese

  • National programme on brucella control :
  • Brucella is bacterial disease which has zoonotic importance as it cause disese in human beings also culling is the most ideal method of control the vaccination has to be done is 2-9 months old calves the survey has been conducted to know the exact population of the calves falling under this age group and screening of milk samples to find out the prevalence of the disease in the district is also been done under this programme screening and vaccination has been taken up

    Other programmes

  • Western Ghat progrmme
  • Varanaglavi,Durgdakeri,Kumbarganavi,Kumbarkoppa,Ramapur,Kogilageri villages in Dharwad district comes under Western ghat area various progrmmes have implemented in these villages by various department every year the department undertaking the following programmes Fodder development; Farmers have been provided with fodder minikits to grow quality fodder Giriraj birds : Giriraj is poultry bird which developed by local variety strain with improved variety this well suited for back yard poultry as it has got both the capacity to yield good meat and laying capacity. Farmers of western ghat area have been supplied with giriraj bird unit of (10+1) 8 weeks bird and also training

  • Kissan Samparka sabhas:
  • The department is organizing farmers at institutional level and village level to update them with recent development in animal Husbandry activities, create awareness regarding programmes of the department under this program

  • Azoll development:
  • Azolla is variety of fodder which has good source of protein which essential for animals for the growth and milk yield by taking up growing of azolla in the farmers’ land who can suffice good need of protein to the animals the department is providing inputs to take up this activity

  • Special component plan;
  • Under this programme the farmers belonging to schedule cast families have been selected by Grama saabhs to take up dairy unit of 1+1 animal until either buffalo or cross breed cows the unit cost of the scheme is Rs.25000 out of which 60% of subsidy is provided by social welfare department and the rest by bank loan

  • Fodder :
  • The district has 3.1 lacks cattle requirement of fodder per year is around 5.1 lackhs metric ton the fodder is mainly the crop residue District is not blessed with any river part of Navalgund talukh is covered by Malaprabaha canal water so the fodder availability wholly depends on The Manson the area covered under Rabhi is around 1.93 lackhs hector and Kharif is around 1.83 hectors the crop residues obtained from various crops will suffice the need of fodder in case of failure of Manson there will be problem of fodder to mitigate this problem district administration will take up several measures such as distribution of fodder minikits ,Opening of Fodder banks, Opening of Goshal with consultation of the department.

  • Central semen collection center;
  • Dharwad district has central semen collection center where pedigreed cattle breed bulls of Jersey Holstein fresein ,Buffalo breeds of Murrah Surthi and Local breed Khilar are maintained they are the donors of semen ,semen is collected scientifically and converted in to frozen semen and supplied to Belgaum division institutions to undertake artificial insemination activities of these distirct

  • Dharwad Milk union
  • Dharwad is headquarter of Dharwad milk union which has four district under its territory Dharwad,Gadag,Haveri and Karwar.Union has boosted the milk procurement and marketing through its co-operative societies which are in 138 numbers The union also has 35 insemination centers which is involved in breed up liftment through artificial insemination .

    Various activities achieved by the department:

    Programme
    2009-10
    2010-11
    2011-12
    Animals treated
    3.65  lacks
    3.82 lacks
    4.1  lacks
    Artificial insemination
    86475
    92134
    1.01
    Calf born
    18130
    19217
    19218
    Fodder Minikit supplied
    2604
    2675
    3451
    Gramasandharshans
    268
    275
    298
    Gramasabhas
    126
    125
    125
    Animal Health camps
    65
    74
    85
    Special component plan
    100
    100
    100
    Vaccination
    Foot mouth disease
    2.23 lacks
    2.74
    3.12
    Haemmoraghic septicemia
    0.77 lacks
    0.88
    0.94
    Black quarter
    0.37 lacks
    0.47
    0.52
    Enterotoxaemia
    0.34 lacks
    0.56
    0.90
    Raniket
    0.78 lacks
    0.79
    0.82

    RIDF Progrmees

    Rural infrastructure development programme: Under this progamme National bank on agriculture development (NABARD ) is providing 90 % budget to take up buildings and the state share is 10 % the details of building are as follows.

    Sl.No
    Trech
    Year
    Taluk
    Village
    Budget(in Lakhs)
    Stage
    1
    XI
    2006-07
    Kalagataghi

    VD Mukkal

    VD Dummavad

    Rs.8.17
    Completed
    2
    Kundgol VD Mattigatti
    3
    Navalgund

    VH Annigeri

    VD Shelavadi

    4
    XII
    2007-08
    Hubli AIC Sulla
    Rs.10.00
    Completed
    5
    Kalagataghi VD Tavargeri
    6
    Navalgund VD Arekurhatti
    7
    XIII
    2008-09
    Hubli VD Aralikatti
    Rs.10.00
    Completed
    8
    Navalgund PVC Kalavad
    Work in progress
    9
    XIV
    2009-10
    Hubli

    VD Unkal

    AIC Hebsur

    Rs.15.60
    Works yet start
    10
    XV
    No Sanction
    11
    XVI
    Kalagataghi VD Hirehonalli
    Rs.17.40
    Yet to receive the allocation
    12
    Kundgol VH Kundgol
    13
    Navalgund VH Navalgund
    14
    Dharwad VD Narendra

    LIVESTOCK CENSUS

    Livestock Census being quinquennial in nature is being conducted once in five years throughout the State as per directios of the Government of India. The latest Census was conducted in the State during September – October 2007 i.e.., nearly five years after the previous Census. The 19th cattle census in on in this district .The district wise figure of 18th Livestock Censes 2007 are given in table

    NUMBER OF THE CATTLE & POULTRY STRENGTH IN THE STATE
    Sl.No Description

    As per 2007 Live Stock Censes (Provisional)

    1
    Cattle
    219665
    2
    Buffaloe
    100216
    3
    Sheep
    57189
    4
    Goat
    72452
    5
    Pigs
    2574
    6
    Dogs (Domestic)
    40826
    7
    Rabbit
    --
    8
    Others
    --
    Total Livestock
    492922
    Total Poultry
    456073

    Rinderpest Eradication Scheme in Karnataka

    With the Objectives of completely uprooting this deadly disease from our country once and for all. Government of India with assistance of European Union and active participation of State Government launched a time bound programme entitled “National project of Rinderpest Eradication”.

    Eradication :

    This programme has been operation in Karnataka since 1989-90 and with the effective implementation, Randerpest disease is not reported from anywhere in Karnataka from july 1995 and declared Karnataka substantively free from RP since 27-05-2004.

    Sl.No Taluk Veterinary Hospital Veterinary Dispensary Mobile Veterinary Clinic Primary  Veterinary Dispensary A.I. Centers Total
    1 Dharwad Dharwad 1.Uppinbetageri   1.Hulikeri 1.Kotur
    29
    Alnavar 2.Amminbhavi   2.A.P.M.C 2.Sihivalli
      3.Hebballi   3.Kelageri 3.Mummigatti
      4.Maradagi   4.Kabbenoor 4.Tadakod
      5.Tegur   5.Rayapur 5.Harobelavadi
      6.Managundi   6.Karadigudda 6.Mugad
      7.Narendra     7.Madanbhavi
      8.Nigadi     8.K. Honnapur
      9.Navalur     9.Aravatagi
      10.Mangalagatti     10.Garag
    2 Hubli Hubli 1.Nulvi Hubli 1.Sulla 1.Amargol
    25
      2.Kusugal   2.Koliwad 2.Hebasur
      3.Gopankoppa   3.Bidnal 3.Rayanal
      4.Mantur     4.Shiraguppi
      5.Belagali     5.Varur
      6.Aralikatti     6.Anchatageri
      7.Gokul     7.Halyal
      8.Ingalahalli     8.Chabbi
      9.Tarihal      
      10.Uanakal      
      11.Adargunchi      
      12.Sherewad      
    3 Kundagol 1.Kundagol 1.Gudageri Kundagol 1.Kubihal 1.Betadur
    21
      2.Sanshi   2.Rottigawad 2.Tarlagatta
      3.Kamadolli   3.Hireharakuni 3.Elival
      4.Ingalagi     4.Yaraguppi
      5.Mattigatti     5.Malali
      6.Hiregunjal     6.Yarebudihal
      7.Pashupatihal     7.Kalas
      8.Bharadwad     8.Kundagol
    4 Kalaghatagi 1.Kalaghatagi 1.Mishrikoti     1.Devikoppa
    16
      2.Sangameshwar     2.Tabakad honnalli
      3.Tavargeri     3.Ganjigatti
      4.Mukkal     4.Kudlagi
      5.Dummavad     5.Muttagi
      6.Surashettikoppa     6.Basankoppa
      7.Hirehonnalli     7.Kalaghatagi
      8.Galagihulikoppa      
    5 Navalgund 1.Navalgund 1.Tadahal Navalgund 1.Tirlapur 1.Kondikoppa
    18
    2.Annigeri 2.Morab   2.Nelavadi 2.Kalawad
    3.Shelavadi     3.Shirkol 3.Arekurahatti
    4.Javur       4.Bhadrapur
    5.Alagavadi       5.Hallikeri
    6.Shishuvinahalli        
    7.Shirur        

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